Because the thyroid affects how fast or slow calories are burned, it in turn affects how much someone weigh.
Treating thyroid disease means helping to get thyroid hormone production back at a normal level, instead of excessively high or low.
For example, treating an underactive thyroid will increase a person’s metabolism, which will help to burn more calories and cause weight loss, . Treating thyroid disease will also help prevent future weight gain.
The reduced levels of thyroid hormone hamper body’s ability to burn calories at a normal rate. This makes shedding excess weight difficult but NOT impossible.
Losing weight can be tricky for someone suffering from hypothyroidism. Here’s why:Hypothyroidism causes fat build-up, which leads to insulin resistance in the body, leading up to weight gain and susceptibility to diabetes.
The most effective way of losing weight would be a combination of diet and exercise to regulate metabolism and burn calories.
Here are some basic thyroid diet and exercise do’s and don’ts.
Emphasis on balanced food- The diet for a hypothyroid patient should be nutritionally balanced to aid in recovery from nutritional deficiencies like selenium and iodine, which hamper thyroid functioning in the body.
Eat complex crabs- Complex contains fibres which will keep you full without having much and stop you from overeating.Therefore it is essential to include whole cereals, vegetables, whole pulses in your diet.
Add Selenium and iodine. Iodine plays an important role in synthesis of the thyroid hormone and Selenium helps in recycling of iodine by the body. Natural sources of selenium and iodine include seafood, Brazil nuts, eggs, tuna, salmon, sunflower seeds and plants grown in sodium rich soil etc.
Other nutrients that boost thyroid functions like Zinc, Riboflavin, Niacin, and vitamin E, are available in abundance in green leafy vegetables, fruits, nuts and whole cereals.
Restrict foods with high glycemic index, such as corn, white bread, refined flour, muffins, cakes, rich desserts etc. because these cause excess glucose in the blood, which gets converted into fat.
Goitrogens are substances that suppress the functioning of the thyroid gland by interfering and blocking enzymes that allow thyroid to use iodine. This leads to enlargement of the thyroid (goitre) gland because the gland starts producing more cells to counter the deficit. The goitrogens-rich foods should not be avoided completely as they provide a lot of nutrition too.
Note: Simply watch out for the portion size and whether it’s heated or not because heat deactivates goitrogenic compounds. Some goitrogen-rich foods are soya and its products, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, kale, mustard greens, cauliflower, radishes, turnips, spinach, strawberry, peaches, pears, peanuts etc.
You might also notice excessive water retention in your body. Here’s how you control it-
Avoid salted nuts, salted crackers, pickles, sauces, salt preserved foods etc.
Have plain salad without salt.
Avoid soft drinks because carbonation in soft drinks leads to water retention.
Avoid fried food because fried food takes longer to digest and makes you feel heavy and bloated.
Eat slowly to help digest your food better.
Drink 10-12 glasses of water in a day.
Exercise daily for more than 30 min because a normal body starts losing weight after 20 minutes of exercise, whereas a body with hypothyroidism takes longer.
Go for brisk walk for at least 15 min after each meal.
Include fruits and beverages like coconut water, plain lemon water etc. in your diet.Read more to know about health benefits of coconut water.
Avoid having raw vegetables like broccoli, cabbage etc.
Many people fight a long battle against being overweight, from early adulthood, or pregnancy, or even starting in childhood. Sometimes people are surprised to see a pattern of weight gain begin to level off, or even reverse, such that weight control or weight loss may occur without any obvious additional effort on their part. If unexplained weight loss occurs, especially with a good appetite, it might be because of overactive thyroid, also called hyperthyroidism [hie-per-THIGHroid- is-m] or thyrotoxicosis [thigh-ro-tox-i-KO-sis]. With hyperthyroidism, the body burns up extra food without using it for anything but for producing heat. People who may have been gaining weight before the onset of hyperthyroidism eventually begin to experience symptoms or problems that are less welcome than the loss of weight.
If your doctor diagnoses you with overactive thyroid, the first step is to learn whether it might be a temporary case, and whether it is mild. The next step is to talk with your doctor about what treatment is best. Sometimes it is best to wait it out to see whether the thyroid will return to normal on its own. The thyroid may even become underactive, after having been overactive.
However, untreated hyperthyroidism often will fail to resolve on its own. Thinning of the bones may occur if it is severe and untreated for a long time. Irregular heart rhythm, heart failure, or even death can result from a severely overactive thyroid. Sometimes people are treated with pills, especially for types of hyperthyroidism that are severe but possibly capable of future self-correction.
At other times, the treatment consists of swallowing a pill of radioactive [ray-dee-o-AK-tiv] iodine. However, radioactive iodine for overactive thyroid is one of the most common causes of underactive thyroid. Another option may be surgery.