Traditionally, there are only a couple treatment options for big toe arthritis, known as hallux rigidus. An effective treatment for severe cases is to fuse both parts of the joint together
With this surgery – called arthrodesis – the toe will no longer be able to bend, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic SurgeonsOff Site Icon (AAOS).
Other treatment options, according to the AAOS, include:
Arthroplasty – This is usually only an option for older patients with few functional demands of their feet. The toe joint is replaced with an artificial joint.
Cheilectomy – This surgery is recommended for mild or moderate joint damage. With this surgery, the bone spur and a portion of the foot bone are removed so the toe has more room to bend.
Non-surgical treatment – Anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen, can help reduce swelling and ease pain. Ice packs can help reduce inflammation for short periods of time. Wearing shoes with wide, open toe areas can help reduce pressure.
Big toe arthritis has traditionally been treated by, first off, conservative measures using anti-inflammatory medications, sometimes stiffening up the bottom of the shoe by placing a carbon fiber plate or some type of a steel shank in the shoe so that you don’t bend as much into the joint, so you don’t get the pain when you bend
Curcumin, a component found in turmeric, has not only been used successfully in traditional Eastern medicine to relieve arthritis pain, but it is also used in modern-day naturopathy, due to its anti-inflammatory capabilities and antioxidant powers for healing, to treat osteoarthritis and bone spurs. You can also make a warm compress from linseed oil and apply it to the base of your big toe for pain relief, recommends Arthritis-Treatment-and-Relief.com. Glucosamine sulfate may also offer some relief. Check with a naturopath or herbalist and your primary health care provider before using herbal treatments for bone spurs of the big-toe joint.