Food addiction can have both biological and psychological causes.
People with food addictions develop a kind of chemical dependency on certain foods, most frequently foods that are high in sugar, excess fat and salt, according to the FAI.
Genetics can play some role in food addiction, but psychological issues also can cause food addiction, according to the FAI. The addiction can come from not dealing well with emotional issues or using food as a coping mechanism.
Biological causes that may influence the progression of a food addiction might include hormonal imbalances, abnormalities in various brain structures, side effects from the use of certain medications, or having family members with this type of addiction issues.
A food addiction might also be the result of psychological factors. Factors included in this category might include emotional or sexual abuse, being a victim or survivor of a traumatic event, having an inability to healthily cope with negative situations, chronic low-self esteem, or experiencing grief or loss.
A food addiction is often developed due to the result of various factors that include biological, psychological, or social reasons. Biological causes can consist of hormonal imbalances, brain chemistry abnormalities, medication side effects, or an inherent disposition resulting from family members struggling with food addictions.
Some psychological factors may include emotional, physical or sexual abuse, experiencing a traumatic event, unable to effectively handle negative situations, persistent low self-worth, or dealing with grief or loss. These mental issues can lead a person to turn to food for comfort or to numb emotional pain.