Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can be used to treat a variety of conditions,
Some of the most common conditions treated by PRP, according to the AAOS, include:
Acute ligament and muscle injuries – PRP has gotten much attention because of its use in sports injuries like these. Some examples of injuries it has been used for in athletes include knee sprains and pulled hamstrings.
Chronic tendon injuries – Current research studies have shown PRP to be the most effective treatment of these types of injuries, especially tennis elbow. It seems also to work well for chronic Achilles tendonitis and inflammation of the patellar tendon at the knee, known as jumper’s knee.
Knee arthritis – Research is currently being done to find out how effective PRP is in helping knee arthritis, But it is too early to know if PRP will be better than the current treatment.
Surgery –PRP has been used during some surgeries, including surgery for torn rotator cuff tendons and torn knee ligaments. However, research so far has shown very little or no benefit to the healing from the PRP in these surgeries.
Research studies are currently being conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of PRP treatment. At this time, the results of these studies are inconclusive because the effectiveness of PRP therapy can vary. Factors that can influence the effectiveness of PRP treatment include:
The area of the body being treated
The overall health of the patient
Whether the injury is acute (such as from a fall) or chronic (an injury developing over time)
Platelet rich plasma injections have demonstrated successful results in treating pain associated with torn ligaments and tendons, skeletal fractures, strained muscles, sprained knees and other joints, and other chronic tendon injuries. According to research published by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, tennis elbow is one of the most common injuries that is successfully treated with PRP injections. Platelet rich plasma therapy is also a practical option when a patient’s heel becomes inflamed due to Achilles tendinitis.